Countries with developing economies (CDE)

32nd ECNP CongressCountries with economies defined as low-income, lower-middle-income and upper-middle-income, as well as those falling under the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) lending category, as defined by the World Bank (as per 18 November 2021): 

East Asia and Pacific
Europe and Central Asia
Latin America and the Caribbean
Middle East and North Africa
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa 
 

East Asia and Pacific

American Samoa  Marshall Islands  Solomon Islands
Cambodia  Micronesia, Fed. Sts.  Thailand
China  Mongolia  Timor-Leste
Fiji  Myanmar  Tonga
Indonesia  Nauru  Tuvalu
Kiribati  Palau  Vanuatu
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.  Papua New Guinea  Vietnam
Lao PDR  Philippines  
Malaysia   Samoa  

   
Europe and Central Asia 

Albania Kosovo
Tajikistan
Armenia Kyrgyz Republic
Turkey
Azerbaijan Moldova
Turkmenistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina Montenegro
Ukraine
Bulgaria
North Macedonia
Uzbekistan
Croatia
Poland

Georgia
Romania

Kazakhstan
Serbia

 

Latin America and Caribbean

Antigua and Barbuda  Ecuador
Paraguay 
Argentina El Salvador
Peru
Belize Grenada
St. Kitts and Nevis
Bolivia Guatemala
St. Lucia
Brazil Guyana
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Chile   Haiti
Suriname 
Colombia Honduras
Trinidad and Tobago 
Costa Rica Jamaica
Uruguay
Cuba Mexico
Venezuela, RB
Dominica Nicaragua
 
Dominican Republic Panama
 

 

Middle East and North Africa

Algeria  Jordan  Tunisia
Djibouti  Lebanon   West Bank and Gaza
Egypt, Arab Rep.  Libya  Yemen, Rep.
Iran, Islamic Rep.  Morocco
Iraq  Syrian Arab Republic 

 

South Asia

Afghanistan  India  Pakistan
Bangladesh  Maldives  Sri Lanka
Bhutan  Nepal

 

Sub-Saharan Africa

Angola  Gabon  Rwanda
Benin  Gambia, The  São Tomé and Principe
Botswana  Ghana  Senegal
Burkina Faso  Guinea  Seychelles
Burundi  Guinea-Bissau  Sierra Leone
Cabo Verde
 Kenya  Somalia
Cameroon  Lesotho
 South Africa
Central African Republic  Liberia  South Sudan
Chad  Madagascar  Sudan
Comoros  Malawi  Tanzania
Congo, Dem. Rep.  Mali  Togo
Congo, Rep.  Mauritania  Uganda
Côte d'Ivoire  Mauritius  Zambia
Equatorial Guinea   Mozambique  Zimbabwe
Eritrea  Namibia  
Eswatini
 Niger  
Ethiopia  Nigeria